1. Greece is located in Europe
2. Greek civilization began more than 3,000 years ago.
3. It still covers as much land today.
4. It is a peninsula of steep mountains and valleys in the Mediterranian Sea.
Spartans were mighty warriors who showed no mercy whatsoever. In 431 BCE, Athens and Sparta began a 30 year war to sort out their differences. In 405 BCE, Sparta launched a suprise attack and captured the Athenian navy. Athens was forced to surrender and tear down its walls. Sparta was so weakened by the long war that it lost to the Thebes in 371 BCE.